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The Politics Of The Provisional

Author : Richard Taws
language : en
Publisher: Penn State Press
Release Date : 2013-04-08

Download The Politics Of The Provisional written by Richard Taws and has been published by Penn State Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-04-08 with History categories.

In revolutionary France the life of things could not be assured. War, shortage of materials, and frequent changes in political authority meant that few large-scale artworks or permanent monuments to the Revolution’s memory were completed. On the contrary, visual practice in revolutionary France was characterized by the production and circulation of a range of transitional, provisional, ephemeral, and half-made images and objects, from printed paper money, passports, and almanacs to temporary festival installations and relics of the demolished Bastille. Addressing this mass of images conventionally ignored in art history, The Politics of the Provisional contends that they were at the heart of debates on the nature of political authenticity and historical memory during the French Revolution. Thinking about material durability, this book suggests, was one of the key ways in which revolutionaries conceptualized duration, and it was crucial to how they imagined the Revolution’s transformative role in history. The Politics of the Provisional is the first book in the Art History Publication Initiative (AHPI), a collaborative grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Thanks to the AHPI grant, this book is available on a variety of popular e-book platforms.

Governing Failure

Author : Jacqueline Best
language : en
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2014-01-09

Download Governing Failure written by Jacqueline Best and has been published by Cambridge University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-01-09 with Political Science categories.

Jacqueline Best argues that the 1990s changes in IMF, World Bank and donor policies, towards what some have called the 'Post-Washington Consensus,' were driven by an erosion of expert authority and an increasing preoccupation with policy failure. Failures such as the Asian financial crisis and the decades of despair in sub-Saharan Africa led these institutions to develop governance strategies designed to avoid failure: fostering country ownership, developing global standards, managing risk and vulnerability and measuring results. In contrast to the structural adjustment era when policymakers were confident in their solutions, this is an era of provisional governance, in which key actors are aware of the possibility of failure even as they seek to inoculate themselves against it. Best considers the implications of this shift, asking if it is a positive change and whether it is sustainable. This title is available as Open Access on Cambridge Books Online and via Knowledge Unlatched.

Irish Republican Terrorism And Politics

Author : Kacper Rekawek
language : en
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date : 2011-03-31

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This book examines the post-ceasefire evolutions and histories of the main Irish republican terrorist factions, and the interconnected character of politics and militarism within them.

Provisional Politics

Author : Elisabeth Ellis
language : en
Publisher: Yale University Press
Release Date : 2014-05-14

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If we are to vindicate moral reasoning in politics, Elisabeth Ellis argues in this original and provocative work, we must focus on the conditions of political discourse rather than the contents of any particular ethical system. Written in an engaging, direct style, Provisional Politics builds on Ellis's prize-winning interpretation of Kant's theory of provisional right to construct a new theory of justice under conditions of agency and plurality. She develops this new perspective through a series of cases ranging from the treatment of AIDS widows in Kenya to the rights of non-citizens everywhere, as well as the clash between democratic decision-making and the politics of species conservation. The book concludes with a sobering discussion of the probable limits of political agency.

Political Obligations And Provisional Rights

Author : James Messina
language : en
Release Date : 2018

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This dissertation argues (with Ellis 2005) that Kant's political philosophy must be re-read in view of his commitment to the Provisionality Thesis (PT). PT states that, in our world, external rights are provisional, never peremptory. In Chapter 1, I lay the grounds for such a reading by showing how Kant's notion of external freedom, properly understood, drives the development of his political theory (by generating duties to leave the state of nature, to form a body of international law, and to respect each person's cosmopolitan rights). Chapter 2 then establishes (against competitors), that Kant's theory so understood is committed to the Provisionality Thesis. Chapter 3 locates the language of provisionality in the political writings of Leibniz and Rousseau, and shows that Kant's usage differs considerably from his predecessors'. Whereas Chapters 2 and 3 examine the conditions and meaning of provisional right, respectively, it is only in Chapter 4 that I explore PT's full normative implications. I argue (against competing accounts) that we best capture the difference between a provisional and peremptory right by distinguishing between their correlative obligations. Whereas provisional rights correlate with formal obligations, peremptory rights correlate also with material obligations. Chapter 5 reinterprets Kant's position on political authority given that political obligations reduce to formal obligations, and argues that PT places Kant's account nearer to philosophical anarchism than is usually appreciated. Chapter 6 argues that Kant's theory, so understood, sharply distinguishes between two-tiers of normative analysis: One at the level of provisional right (which emphasizes the freedom-relevance of the rule of law), and one at the level of peremptory right (which demands that coercive law itself be deployed only for the sake of rendering freedom mutually consistent). This dual structure affords Kant a response to the objection that his political theory is normatively impoverished. In chapter 7, I argue that Kant's position is closer to "realist" methodological views than has been traditionally supposed, while retaining significant (and attractive) elements of "moralism". Chapter 8 applies this framework to the political problems generated by refugee crises, and argues that its verdicts are more plausible than the standard interpretation's.

Provisional Authority

Author : Beatrice Jauregui
language : en
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 2016-11-28

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Policing as a global form is often fraught with excessive violence, corruption, and even criminalization. These sorts of problems are especially omnipresent in postcolonial nations such as India, where Beatrice Jauregui has spent several years studying the day-to-day lives of police officers in its most populous state, Uttar Pradesh. In this book, she offers an empirically rich and theoretically innovative look at the great puzzle of police authority in contemporary India and its relationship to social order, democratic governance, and security. Jauregui explores the paradoxical demands placed on Indian police, who are at once routinely charged with abuses of authority at the same time that they are asked to extend that authority into any number of both official and unofficial tasks. Her ethnography of their everyday life and work demonstrates that police authority is provisional in several senses: shifting across time and space, subject to the availability and movement of resources, and dependent upon shared moral codes and relentless instrumental demands. In the end, she shows that police authority in India is not simply a vulgar manifestation of raw power or the violence of law but, rather, a contingent and volatile social resource relied upon in different ways to help realize human needs and desires in a pluralistic, postcolonial democracy. Provocative and compelling, Provisional Authority provides a rare and disquieting look inside the world of police in India, and shines critical light on an institution fraught with moral, legal and political contradictions.

The Provisional Pulpit

Author : Brandon Rottinghaus
language : en
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
Release Date : 2010-04-07

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The cornerstone of the public presidency is the ability of the White House to influence, shape, and even manipulate public opinion. Ultimately, although much has been written about presidential leadership of opinion, we are still left with many questions pertaining to the success of presidential opinion leadership efforts throughout the modern presidency. What is still missing is a systematic, sequential approach to describe empirical trends in presidential leadership of public opinion in order to expand on important scholarly queries, to resolve empirical disputes in the literature, and to check the accuracy of conventional political wisdom on how, when, and under what conditions presidents lead public opinion. In The Provisional Pulpit, Brandon Rottinghaus develops a simple theory of presidential leadership, arguing that presidential messages are more likely to be received if there are fewer countervailing agents or messages to contradict the president’s message. He concludes, based upon the findings presented in this book, that the “bully pulpit” is largely provisional for modern presidents. The more the president can avoid the political echo chamber associated with partisan battles or communications, the better the chance the president has to lead public opinion. The Provisional Pulpit adds an important layer of understanding to the issue of how and under what conditions presidents lead public opinion. All modern presidents clearly attempt to lead public opinion; often, due to factors outside their control, they fail. This book is an exploration into how and when they succeed.